The book, the Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa: USA-China New Strategic Interest in Africa’s Oil

Book Review:The Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy

The Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa: USA-China New Strategic Interest in Africa’s Oil and Energy; covering other wide-range of critical issues including the Tale of Violations against Liberia Journalists, the Impacts of African Women in Global Politics, the Prospects and Challenges of Globalization in Africa and Problem and Challenges of African Diplomacy, is expected to be released in December, 2016. The book is authored by the former Senior Policy Advisor to the then Minister of Foreign Affairs of Liberia, Josephus Moses Gray, who recently arrived in Monrovia following the completion of his doctoral studies program in International Relations and Diplomacy in Paris, France. The author also served as a former Political Counselor to the Embassy of Liberia in France; Minister Counselor to Liberia’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations and International Organizations in Geneva, Switzerland and Assistant Foreign Minister for Public Affairs, respectfully. The Liberian diplomat Josephus Moses Gray’s latest Instructive book scrutinizes the pros and cons of the United States of America (USA) and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) soft and hard policy in Africa. The publication is a thought provoking piece of work that must be read by all especially by those who have interest in both domestic and international politics.

The publication does gives true insights of Liberia’s dark days, especially, the high price Liberian journalists paid in from successive regimes during the country’s 14-year turmoil. The amazing role of African women in global politics is highlighted in the book, while it analyzes the strength and weakens of ECOWAS and African Union in crisis management and peace-keeping. The book digs into the advantages and disadvantages of the United States and China new dealing with African governments and bureaucrats, and questioned if the world’s two leading economic powers are sincere in their new diplomatic ties with African governments.  It looks deep into thye new diplomatic maneuvering for oil and energy, economic and security problems and the main causes of violence in most of African countries and the issues of poverty, corruption and abuses of state resources by political corrupt bureaucrats. The book also examines the positives and negatives of Washington and Beijing‘s new diplomatic approaches which many scholars argue are geared towards oil and energy on the continent. By focusing on tangible factors as descriptive variables, the book identifies the underlying rationale of the Chinese foreign policy towards Africa and the new U.S. interest in Africa. The book highlights with details and further discusses the failures of African diplomacy in global politics, the inadequacy of African diplomats, problems and challenges facing diplomats in their areas of assignments, various types of diplomacy, its emerging patterns of practice, and its relevance for not only policy-makers but also a wider cast of actors and set of social interaction. The book does reveals how modern diplomacy in terms of practice may have lost some of its image of exceptional ingredients, in the sense that it has to compete and interact with a much wider dynamic of other major non state actors on the world stage. The book, the Paradigm of Oil Diplomacy in Africa: USA-China New Strategic Interest in Africa’s Oil and Energy to say the least is a fascinating and compelling research works carried out by the author and does gives true insights of Africa’s New Role In Global Politics, and the arguments propounded by experts that China‘s policies of non-interference and no political attached strings‘ have resonated so strongly among African countries which have become so wearied of those sanctimonious clichés about democracy, human rights, and good governance being proposed by the United States and its western partners. Of particular interest notes Mr. Gray’s new book are the contributions of women activists such as Madame Mary Brownell, a respectable woman of society by all accounts, a classroom teacher and peace campaigner. Her search for peace he said has gone beyond national borders, and have greatly impacted humanity.  Also highlighted in the publication are African women in top leadership such as the Presidency, Vice Presidency and Prime Ministers, respectively.  President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Africa’s First female democratically elected president is lauded for her hard works and contributions in restoring her nation’s image abroad and for maintaining of peace and stability.

Liberian diplomat Moses Gray

Prof Moses Gray, University of Liberia

While Angie Brooks Randall, is also mentioned;  the first female president of the General Assembly of the United Nations, and Senator Ruth Sando Perry, former Chair of the Six-man Council of State.  Sando Perry is credited for her efforts in helping to restore law and order and improving the overall conditions in the country during the transitional period. Also singled out is Roberta Leymah Gbowee, peace campaigner and joint winner of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize who led the women’s movement to help end the war in Liberia. The book further detailed Mother Suakoko of Bong County; her role in the fight against injustices for her country  According to the book, the struggle of Liberian women for a place in the body politics of Liberia have proportional historical significance, more significantly, and furthermore Juah Nimene of the Kru ethnic group who headed the Sasstown resistances against injustices by past  Liberian government forces. Previous historical analysis gleaning from Mr. Gray’s chronicles has not accorded these events their fair share of narratives, as per these two indigenous major actors etc., either for selfish reasons or for lethargic accommodations. This is Gray’s second book in three years, the first title: Liberia’s Emerging Democracy was launched in January 2013 at the headquarters of the Press Union of Liberia (PUL); is a reservoir of timeless gem from a historical perspective as far as Liberia’s recent history is concerned. The first book mainly focused on the role of Liberian women and journalists. The book also detailed the brutalities and maltreatments journalists suffered at the hands of warlords and their unruly fighters, often leaving the hapless journalist suffered while others were faced with life time injuries and sanction.

The book shows how Liberian journalists performed a critical role in bringing mayhems and atrocities to light but goes further to document how the journalist paid a greater price. The book, however, indicts some of the local media for biased reportage by siding with the status quo, while treating some political candidates who contested elections with favors whereas giving less coverage to others. The book further exposed how death threats were regularly used by warlords and fighters to silence the independent media, forcing media houses to close down while state security actors on several occasions victimized media personnel and vandalized media institutions in the name of protecting the security of the state. The author, Josephus Moses Gray is a native born Liberian, hails from the Southeastern Village of Kayken, Barclayville in Grand Kru County. He is an author, journalist, diplomat and scholar with a wealth of rich credentials, including a doctoral fellow in International Relations and Diplomacy from France, MA in International Relations and BA in Communication and Journalism, from Liberia.  He further holds post-graduate diplomas and certificates in Journalism, Diplomacy, Foreign Policy Studies, International Relations and Public Policy, Peace Studies, Digital Media, Conflict Management and Analysis, Project Management and Development Communications, from the United States of America, France, Netherlands, China, Senegal, Ghana, South Africa and Liberia.. He has written extensively and published over 40 articles on variety of contemporary issues.

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