Features USAID-Supported HIV Research International Journal
The U.S. Government, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and in partnership with the Johns Hopkins University Center for AIDS Research, the Foundation for AIDS Research, and the National Institutes of Health, announces the release of a special issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS) entitled, “HIV Risks and Vulnerabilities among Key Populations in West and Central Africa—Evidence to Inform HIV Prevention, Treatment, and Care.”
Over 6.5 million people live with HIV in West and Central Africa, a region that spans 24 countries and has a population of over 350 million people. This amounts to an average HIV prevalence rate of 4.9 percent in the general population. However, in West Africa the prevalence is 19 to 30 times higher among key populations-a term for populations known to be at greater risk of infection-including female sex workers and their clients, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs. Until now, limited data has been an obstacle to fully understanding the dynamics of HIV transmission related to these high-risk populations in the region and the kind of programming needed to address this.
To fill this gap, USAID, with funding from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) provided technical and financial assistance for this special JAIDS issue, which features 23 articles characterizing risks, vulnerabilities, and HIV prevention and treatment opportunities among the key populations.
The articles present data from 11 different countries in the region, and include a wide range of analyses that use mathematical modeling, epidemiologic studies, qualitative studies, cost-effectiveness assessments and policy assessments. The special JAIDS issue is available free online as of March 3, 2015 at the following link: http://journals.lww.com/jaids/toc/2015/03011.
The special issue of JAIDS was edited by Tisha Wheeler, Laurent Kapesa, Alison Surdo Cheng, and R. Cameron Wolf, USAID employees working in the Office of HIV/AIDS in Washington D.C and in the West Africa Regional Health Office based in Accra, Ghana. Dr. Stefan Baral from Johns Hopkins University provided technical support.
PEPFAR is a U.S. Government initiative to help save the lives of those suffering from HIV/AIDS around the world. This historic commitment is the largest by any nation to combat a single disease internationally, and PEPFAR investments also help alleviate suffering from other diseases across the global health spectrum. PEPFAR is driven by a shared responsibility among donor and partner nations and others to make smart investments to save lives.
This activity is supported through the USAID West Africa Regional Office in Accra, Ghana, whose goal is to promote social and economic well-being advanced by West Africans. Spanning 21 countries, USAID/West Africa designs and implements programs with West African partners to strengthen systems of non-violent conflict management, support economic growth, and expand quality health services. The American people, through USAID, provide economic and humanitarian assistance in more than 100 countries worldwide.