CONSTITUTIONAL REGIME

INTRODUCTION

This information is written for the reading public to understand the significance of living under a constitutional rule. It shows the legitimacy of either a leader or citizens to realize the importance of the rules of law. Because if one infringes on the other, it can lead to political decay. Political decay is the phenomena that occurs when there is a decline in the political system or capacity and its effectiveness in maintaining order. It can be manifest in such collective behavior as protests, demonstrations, rebellion and other forms of political violence. It is often associated with extensive demand that the political system cannot meet and with the loss of citizen support for the political system according to Samuel Humtington (1968), the probability of political decay increases as a state has a lower level of political institutionalization.

As I digest these points I want you to understand if a country decides on constitutionality, it means the rules of law must be respected to the fullest. If there is a contrast by not accepting the rules of law then of course, an explosion is imminent.

Constitutional Rule

The defining feature of a constitutional regime in which Liberia is not an exception does attempt to fulfill the provisions of its constitution. Every state including ours declares an existence as a state and expresses a fundamental rule of the political system. These sets of rules are very crucial. Basically, every constitutional rule seeks to achieve three major characteristics. First, the constitution allocates governmental activities, defining what actions are within the domain of its publica and what political structures will perform the various actions. Second, it publishes the formal power relationships among the political structures, indicating the condition under which is independent or dependent of the others. Third, the constitution limits the power to the ruler to the ruled, by defining the maximum event of the state’s authority. The third characteristic is the most important because it provides and strengthens the cordial relationships for the ruler to the ruled.

Even among constitutional rulers’ power and to guarantees of rights to the ruled, there’s some limitation. That is, each should respect the other for smooth processes. For example, if a leader chooses to be authoritative, it can lead to equality or inequality. It means for any reason a leader decides to bring judgment positively for its citizens the progress of being open minded must be identified. The more concern a leader shows, the more a leader is admired. But when a leader is not kind or generous, the aftermath will be counterproductive.

Ultimately, the force of a constitution depends on the will of those with political power to enforce its provisions. Those with political power must impact the livelihood of its people by respecting every article to the fullest.

CONSEQUENCE TO VIOLATORS

This section shows or provides a vivid picture to the reading public that whenever a leader doesn’t want to abide by the constitution, the consequence is deadly. In the case studies below GHANA and URUGUAY experienced serious constitutional crises that led to political decay. While it is true that every army has the right to defend the territorial integrity of a state the army also has the right to overthrow a government when there’s a constant political decay.

Reasons are as follow:

(a) NORM- a key norm within the military is a commitment to order and an abhorrence of social disorder. This norm indicates the military to act when civilian (or even other military) leadership has failed to maintain order because of major crises.

(b) The military has the capacity to exercise power efficiently since it is most disciplined and institutionalized social structure.

(c) The military has the capacity to subdue disorder since it usually controls the greatest concentration of force and violence.

GHANA

Historically, the gold coast of West Africa Was dominated by the Asante Tribes and had trade linkages with many Europeans Powers. The British conquered the area only in 1901. As the new state of Ghana, it was the first colonial territory in Sub-Saharan Africa to gain its Independence in 1957. Its early leader, Kwame Nkrumah, became an articulate spokesman for freedom and Independence.

In the decade before Independence, an active constitutional multi party was created and democratic elections were held. Nkrumah and its convention People’s Party (CPP) won the first post independence election but significantly problem arose immediately, including economics short falls associating with world coco prices and wide spread corruption and in-efficiency within the CPP and the Government bureaucracy.

Unfortunately everyone lacked experience with the parliamentary style of Government -versus-

Opposition other party vehemently criticized the failure of the CPP (“A DICTATOR”) FREEDOM of speech was denied and the referendum of support for Nkrumah and the CPP was rejected by 60 percent of opposition in 1964. By the 1965 election, legal opposition parties were virtually eliminated and all CPP candidates were declared elected. Both the economy and social order were in collapse in 1966; Nkrumah was overthrown by the Army.

From the 1966 Coup, Ghana was languished between the military and civilian authority in 1972, 1976, 1979 and 1981. Military officers took control of civilian incompetence and corruption. Kwame Nkrumah’s administration was interested in the high command (STATISM) while Jerry Rawling bought relief to Ghana. He was interested in political power and purposefulness economies which give a leader to de-nationalize their economy by allowing foreign investment to take control.

However, in pursuit of his developmental orientation, Jerry Rawling received the structural adjustment Program to receive loan from the IMF. This loan provided him to be more decisive. The management of this loan allowed the government to cut spending. And, by 2000 he allowed a free and fair election in which an opposition won that election. Based on this election, freedom house classified Ghana as a “free electoral democracy.

URUGUAY

The social contrast of any society is very enormous and giving the prevailing clue suggests how ramifying one needs to set a pace for progression. In view of this, Uruguay experienced a serious turmoil that led to political decay or other forms of political violence.

However, between 1903 and the early 1960s Uruguay became widely respected as the exemplary Latin American democracy. A stable two party system which constitution was the basis of liberal government democratically that facilitated increasing social welfare and economic prosperity. But political decay emerged in the 1960s, grounded in economic decline, high inflation and government incompetence and corruption. These failures spawned the Tupamaros, an urban guerilla group engaged in widespread violence and Terrorism-to overthrow and establish a more just political order.

This Terrorism completely undermined the citizens’ confidence that political system could maintain order. The civilian was overthrown not by the Tupamaros but the constituted conservative army in 1973. The Uruguay Ran military dictatorship then launched a massive campaign not only for the Tupamaros but all civilian opposition in Uruguay. During this period, Uruguay became known as the “torture chamber of Latin America” with wide spread human right abuses. By 1979, more than 1 in 100 of all Uruguayans were political prisoners estimated to be the highest proportion in the world. And one sixth (a half million were in exile).

The economic crises worsen under the military regime, with inflation of more than 60% and unemployment higher than 30 percent. When the military pronounced a referendum on a new constitution in 1980, 60 percent of the population rejected it. Eventually, the military allowed Electoral process to restore governmental Power in 1985. The second election of 1989, the opposition, civil advocates, interest group, became active and as a result, they regained power and established press freedom in Uruguay. The judiciary was reformed and respect was accorded it. The Tupamaros re-emerged not as a guerilla movement, but as a political party championing the interest of the poor. There is considerable optimism that Uruguay has returned to its earlier democratic ways, it has been classified at the “free liberal democracy by freedom house after going through this turbulent situation.

CONCLUSION

The importance of this information is to help guide us how responsible we should be to bring calm in society. It also shows the effectiveness of our rights and how best these rights can be used so as to avoid confusion in society. Because in a constitutional regime, the essence of good governance leads to peace and harmony and co-existence for all. In the contrast however, once people continue to violate the rules of law, the potentiality of derailing the fabric of society is easier because violator sometimes use power to damage the survivability of the society.

Hence, one of the seemingly postures that embarrasses any existence of a state is the manner in which leader does things that create a gap of governance. For example, our country before the April 12,1980 we experienced series of class conflict which allowed other individuals exclusive right to certain position and discriminated the rest in the society. That is one segment of the society at the time were considering themselves as father of governance while others were being classified as underdogs. Jackson F. Doe was on two occasions replaced in the years past. In 1972 he was replaced by James E. Green as vice president and also replaced by Bennie D. Warner in 1977 after the death of James Greene, Dr. Amos C. Sawyer was marginalized in 1979 during the mayoral election they were denied because they did not come from the elite class their constitutional right were denied. The constitution provides the right for all irrespective of sex, creed, religion, cultural etc. All rules regarding the welfare of the people must be adhered to.

THE AUTHOR

He is the only James B. Twehgbeh, Jr. of the Republic of Liberia. There’s no attachment to his eminence, but he stands irreversibly in the promotion of social justice in his district to be precise District # 6. Montserrado County. He was born in Noway Camp Mano River Grand Cape Mount County. He is a resident of Carver Mission Academy Community, ELWA and Cell No.0886-119577. He is also a political researcher who has been reading extensively for many years. He is presently researching on the World’s Economy. He wants to know which one of the countries is a STATIST, NEO LIBERALIST or a HYBRID SYSTEM. He ‘presently doing Audio Comprehension with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and has been transforming these comprehensions practically.

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